Nowruz – History, Rituals, and Traditions

Nowruz marks the celebration of the Persian New Year and is one of the most important holidays in the region. It is a time of renewal, joy, and remembrance of the past. The history of Jashn-e-Nowruz is steeped in tradition and ancient customs. Some of its origins trace back to the pre-Islamic era. Since its earliest beginnings, the festival has been closely linked with the Zoroastrian faith. The modern Jashn-e-Nowruz celebrations now embrace all forms of belief.

Nowruz Festival

From the stories of its ancient kings to the rituals of today, there is much to explore when looking into the history of Jashn-e-Nowruz. As the sun sets on the last day of the year, families gather to celebrate the arrival of the New Year. Brightly colored flowers, candles, and traditional dishes are just some of the traditions that make up this special day. For many, it is a time to reflect on the year that has passed. It is time to look forward to what the future holds.

Mythological Roots

With its roots in mythology, Nowruz is a time to remember the past. It is also a time to look ahead to the future with hope. It starts with the sun rising on the first day of the New Year. A beginning of a new chapter, full of promise and possibility. Iran traditionally celebrates the ancient festival of Jashan e Nowruz. It is good to explore the origins and significance of this joyous event. Nowruz’s history has deep roots in Zoroastrianism. This is the oldest monotheistic religion, founded over 3,500 years ago.

It is believed that Nowruz marks the beginning of the New Year. Its rituals symbolize the renewal of the land and its people. The rituals take place over two weeks. People gather to make offerings to the gods, exchange gifts, and share moments of joy and happiness. At the same time, they remember their ancestors. They feel proud of the great deeds that have been done to keep alive the spirit of Nowruz. Traditional foods are prepared and served, whilst music and dance add to the joyous atmosphere.

Celebrations culminate in picnics and outdoor activities such as kite-flying, a symbol of freedom and overcoming obstacles. With each Nowruz celebration, all hope for a bright future is renewed. A commitment is also made to preserve the traditions and values associated with the celebration of Jashan e Nowruz.

1. History

The history of Jashan e Nowruz, or the Persian New Year, is part of the culture and traditions of Persia. It now spread to many countries like Afghanistan and Central Asia. This festival dates back thousands of years. It is an annual celebration of the vernal equinox. It is perhaps one of the earliest seasonal events known in the ancient world. Its name, Nowruz, comes from the ancient Persian words for “new” and “day”. Means a new day and a new beginning for the year ahead.

The practices of Nowruz include the lighting of bonfires, visiting friends and relatives, exchanging gifts, and of course, lots of delicious food. There are also traditional activities that vary by region, such as the singing of folk songs, playing musical instruments, and, in some cases, renewing of vows. It is a wonderful time to come together and celebrate the start of a new year, with each furthering the legacy of this cherished tradition.

2. Origins

The origins of Persian festival of Jashan-e Nowruz have roots in myth, legend, and ancient rituals. Dating back over 3,000 years, it has roots in the Zoroastrian celebration of Nowruz, which marks the arrival of spring and the start of the new year.

Nowruz’s customs are part of the inheritance from generation to generation. The most iconic rituals are the Haft-Seen and Chaharshanbe Suri. The Haft-Seen, which translates to “Seven ‘S’s”, is a collection of seven items beginning with the letter “S”, each representing a different quality, such as health, beauty, and peace.

Similarly, Chaharshanbe Suri is a fire-jumping ritual in which participants leap over seven bonfires, symbolizing the destruction of all bad luck and misfortune. Jashan-e Nowruz is a celebration of hope. Millions around the world, celebrate the festival to promote unity, peace, and understanding.

3. Celebrations


Jashan e Nowruz, or the celebration of the Persian New Year, is an ancient tradition with roots dating back thousands of years. This annual event is a celebration of joy and festivity. People from all over the world come together to celebrate the coming of a new year.

The festivities traditionally involve singing and dancing, and eating traditional delicacies like sholeh zard and havij polo. People exchange gifts and perform rituals and traditions they inherit through generations. The lighting of the bonfire to the symbolic eating of a fish is traditionally important parts of the celebrations.

People of all ages come together to express their love and appreciation for each other. They also honor the past and look forward to the future. In this way, Celebrating Nowruz is an opportunity to connect with traditions. It is an opportunity to create meaningful memories that will last a lifetime.

4. Rituals

The ancient Persian celebration of Jashan e Nowruz has a history of thousands of years. It lives in inheritance through generations as an opportunity to start anew. Rituals of this auspicious occasion have been a source of joy and excitement, as well as a reminder of the importance of respect for traditions and the celebration of the coming year.

The celebration consists of rituals such as the laying of a haft-sin table. These consist of seven items that start with the letter ‘S’ in the Persian alphabet. This includes items such as sib (apples) and sumac (a spice) which symbolize the sweetness of the coming year.

Other rituals include lighting bonfires, the symbolic exchange of gifts, and the sharing of traditional dishes. It’s a time to express kindness and hope for the future. Also, a time to reinforce the importance of family and friendship. Jashan e Nowruz is a tradition having deep roots in history. The festival continues as a source of joy and unity for generations.

5. Traditions

Jashan-e Nowruz is the celebration of the Persian New Year, a time of joy and celebration. The festivities that accompany the holiday date back more than 3,000 years. The tradition is part of Iranian culture for centuries. Each year, Nowruz is celebrated with a variety of traditions that are steeped in history and culture.

It is customary to wear new clothes, exchange gifts, and make special dishes. Additionally, the holiday has a tradition of fire-jumping. It is a symbolic act of cleansing and renewal. Singing traditional songs and setting off fireworks are integral parts of celebrations.

Though the holiday has adapted to changing times and cultural influences, the traditions of Nowruz remain deeply rooted in its history. From the exchanging of gifts to the fire-jumping, the celebration of Nowruz is a vibrant reminder of the rich history of the Persian New Year. A history that has continued for thousands of years.

6. Food

The celebration of Jashan e Nowruz holds many traditions, one of which is the food. Food plays an important role in the Nowruz celebrations, as it has for centuries. For many people, the food is just as integral to the festivities. From the classic meat-based dishes to the many vegetarian options, the food served during the Nowruz celebrations is a reflection of the rich Nowruz history.

Traditional dishes often include a variety of Shirin polo. It is a saffron-infused rice dish, and khoresh, a stew made with lamb or beef. There are also a variety of traditional desserts and snacks, including zulbia, a deep-fried pastry, and bamieh, a fried dough. Each dish has its unique flavor and each one is a reminder of the centuries-old Nowruz history that is a part of the celebration.

7. Outfits

As the Nowruz festivities approach, many communities around the world are preparing their traditional outfits to celebrate the vibrant Persian New Year. Although it’s still a few weeks away, finding the right outfit for the Jashan e Nowruz is often the most exciting part of the event.

Whether you’re looking for a classic gown, or something a bit more daring, there’s something for everybody. From the intricately embroidered kaftans to the colorful and intricate headpieces, these special garments are sure to make a statement at the Nowruz festivities.

People design traditional robes, slippers, and headdresses to honor ancient traditions. These are symbols of the grandeur of Persian culture. But the look isn’t just about dressing up for the day, it’s about embracing the spirit of Nowruz and celebrating the beginning of a new year with style and grace. Don your best outfit and get ready to join the festivities with the rest of the world!

8. Symbolism

Jashan e Nowruz has long been a time for celebration, and the symbolism behind these traditions offers a glimpse into the culture and history of the countries that celebrate it. The various rituals take place during the festival to donning traditional outfits. Nowruz traditions invite participants to reflect on their personal and collective identities.

As a symbol of rebirth, the transition into the New Year means that fire burns away the previous year and ushers in a new dawn. The number of twigs and grains used to light the fire signify the number of days leading up to the festival. The flames meant to light the way to prosperity and good fortune.

Traditional songs, dances, and the exchange of gifts are also important components of celebrating Jashan e Nowruz, reinforcing the sense of togetherness that is so integral to the festival. We can all benefit from embracing the symbolism of Nowruz traditions and taking the time to reflect on our past and plan for the year ahead.


It is our wish that Jashan e Nowruz continues to live on, with its traditions and aspirations, as a reminder to us of the joys of life and an opportunity to be grateful for the blessings of life. May this observance, with its unique rituals, bring us closer to each other and strengthen our bonds of friendship, unity, and solidarity.

As we look forward to this special occasion, let us be mindful of the ancient traditions and culture of this festival, and celebrate with our families, friends, and community, for it is an opportunity for us to appreciate our history and culture. Wishing you a wonderful and joyous Jashan e Nowruz!

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