Eid Ul Adha – The Muslim Festival of Sacrifice

Eid Ul Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice. It is one of the most important religious festivals that Muslims celebrate all over the world. The festival commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to God. It is a time for Muslims to reflect on the values of sacrifice, charity, and obedience to God. Eid Ul Adha starts with saying collective prayers (Salah Ba Jamat), feasting, and sacrificing an animal. The meat of the sacrificed is for distribution in three equal parts among family, friends, and the needy.

In this article, we will explore the history, rituals, and significance of Eid Ul Adha. Also, we look into its celebrations and traditions around the world.

1. Introduction

It is a Muslim festival that commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son to God. It is also known as the “Festival of Sacrifice”.

Time of Celebration of Eid Ul Adha

The festival falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. The date of the Gregorian calendar varies each year as the Islamic calendar follows a lunar cycle.

2. Historical Significance

The celebration has its roots in the story of Prophet Ibrahim. God commanded him to sacrifice his son as a test of his faith. As Ibrahim was about to make the sacrifice, God intervened and provided a lamb from paradise for him to sacrifice instead. It is an annual holy festival that Muslims celebrate every year around the world.

Significance of the Hajj Pilgrimage

The celebration also marks the end of the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. It involves a journey to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The pilgrims perform various rituals over several days. These include the sacrifice of an animal on the day of Eid Ul Adha.

3. The Rituals and Traditions

On this fateful day, Muslims gather early in the morning for prayer. Before the prayer, a special chant called the Takbir is recited. The Takbir is an affirmation of faith and praises God.

The Qurbani or Sacrifice Ritual

The Qurbani or sacrifice ritual is a significant part of Eid Ul Adha. Sacrifice strictly relates to affordability. Affording Muslims have to sacrifice an animal. These are usually sheep, goats, or cows, that commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s (Sunnah) willingness to sacrifice his son. The meat of the sacrificed animal is for distribution equally in three parts among family, friends, and the deservings.

The Importance of Animal Welfare

Animal welfare is an essential part of the Qurbani ritual. Muslims have religious commandments to treat animals humanely and with respect. The animal should be well-fed, healthy, and not be subjected to any unnecessary harm or suffering.

4. The Story of Prophet Ibrahim and His Sacrifice

Prophet Ibrahim is a central figure in Islam and is undoubtedly a prophet by Muslims, Jews, and Christians. He is known for his unwavering faith in God. His willingness to sacrifice his son marks a testament to his faith.

The Story of Prophet Ibrahim and His Son Ismail

The story of Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismail is the foundation of Eid Ul Adha. According to Islamic tradition, God commanded Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his precious and dearest belonging as a test of his faith. Ibrahim was about to carry out the sacrifice when God intervened and provided a lamb for him to sacrifice instead. The sacrifice of an animal on Eid Ul Adha is a symbolic reminder of this event and the importance of faith in Islam.

5. The Importance of Sacrifice and Charity on This Day

The day is a sacred occasion that commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to sacrifice his son Ismail (AS) in obedience to Allah’s command. However, as Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was about to sacrifice his son, Allah replaced Ismail (AS) with a lamb. That emphasizes the importance of sacrifice and devotion to Allah.

The message of sacrifice in Islam teaches us that we should be willing to give up something dear to us for the sake of Allah. It reminds us that life is all about giving and helping others. We should not attach ourselves to the worldly possessions that we have.

Charity and Generosity during Eid Ul Adha

Eid Ul Adha also emphasizes the importance of charity and generosity. Muslims are encouraged to donate to the less fortunate and help them enjoy the festivities of Eid. Giving charity is not only a way to help those in need, but it is also a way to purify our souls and earn Allah’s blessings.

During this festival, Muslims are also encouraged to share the meat of the sacrificed animal with their neighbors and relatives, especially those who are in need. This act of sharing emphasizes the importance of community and strengthens the bonds of brotherhood and sisterhood among Muslims.

6. Celebrations and Festivities during Eid Ul Adha

It is a time for joy and celebration. Muslims around the world exchange greetings and wishes with each other. The most common greeting is “Eid Mubarak,” which means “Blessed Eid.” Other popular greetings include “Eid Sa’id,” which means “Happy Eid,” and “Taqabbal Allahu minna wa minkum,” which means “May Allah accept from us and from you.”

Eid Ul Adha Cuisine and Delicacies

Food is an important part of Eid Ul Adha celebrations. Muslims prepare delicious meals and delicacies, especially ussacrificed animal’s meatd animal. Popular dishes include biryani, kebabs, and grilled meat. Sweet treats, such as baklava and sheer khurma, are also enjoyed during Eid.

Eid Ul Adha Gifts and Shopping

It is also a time for shopping and gift-giving. Muslims buy new clothes and gifts for their loved ones, especially for children. It is a time to show generosity and kindness to others.

7. Eid Ul Adha around the World

In Middle Eastern countries, Eid Ul Adha is a public holiday and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. The day starts with special prayers at the mosque, followed by the sacrifice of animals. Families gather together for meals and exchange gifts.

Eid Ul Adha Festivities in South Asian Countries

In South Asian countries, it is also a major festival. The day begins with special prayers at the mosque, followed by the sacrifice of animals. Families prepare special meals and delicacies and exchange gifts and sweets with each other.

Eid Ul Adha Traditions in Other Regions

Eid Ul Adha is a holy Muslim festival. They celebrate it all over the world and each region has its own unique traditions and customs. In Africa, for example, special drumming and dancing performances are common during Eid. But in Southeast Asia, they celebrate the festival with whole religious zeal.

8. Conclusion and Reflections

The festival teaches us many valuable lessons, such as the importance of sacrifice, generosity, and community. It reminds us that we should be grateful for what we have and share our blessings with others.

Final Thoughts and Reflections

It is a time to celebrate and strengthen our faith, as well as our bonds with family, friends, and the wider Muslim community. The holy festival is a time to reflect on our values and priorities. It is an opportunity to renew our commitment to serving Allah and helping those in need.


Eid Ul Adha is a festival that reflects the core values of Islam – sacrifice, charity, and obedience to God. Despite its religious origins, Muslims celebrate it by mixing it with local traditions as a joyous occasion of feasting, family, and community. It’s an opportunity to reflect on the blessings of life and to share those blessings with others.

May the spirit of Eid Ul Adha inspire us all to greater acts of kindness and love towards our fellow human beings.

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  • uhayat
  • The author has rich management exposure in banking, textiles, and teaching in business administration.